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Acid Rain and Its Effects

Acid is a molecule or ion that accepts a pair of electrons to form a covalent bond, and a base is a molecule that donates a pair of electrons for a covalent bond. The definition of Bronstead Lowery is the most widely accepted and most relevant. Acids are chemical compounds which have a sharp taste in water solution, a corrosive effect on metals and the ability to make some blue vegetable colors red. Bases are organic compounds that are soapy to the touch in solution, making red food dyes brown. When combined, acids and bases neutralize one another and produce salts, compounds with a salty taste and none of either acids or bases’ signature properties.

Acid rain is more toxic than it would have been. Acid rain is a complex issue that impacts soil and water composition, as well as plant and animal life cycles on land and in water. Additionally, environmental patterns lead to air emissions and causes of acid rain in large amounts to disperse. Scientists have found that air emissions from fossil-fuel combustion is the primary source of acid rain. Acid rain and the air pollution it creates will significantly affect habitats. Acid rain does not compensate for all the acidity caused by pollution which falls back to earth.

Acid Definition Chemistry

An acid is a chemical material, typically a liquid that contains hydrogen and that may lead to salt formation with other substances. Chemists have been able to extract acids such as these from animal and plant material. They call these acids organic acids. As chemistry has advanced, chemists have found ways of making sulphuric acid, hydrochloric acid, nitric acid and other acids from minerals. They call these acids mineral acids. Mineral acids in general react much more rapidly than organic acids. Mineral acids as strong acids and organic acids as weak acids.

Acids have a sour taste. Acids change the colour of substances called indicators. Acids react with many metals to produce hydrogen and a salt of the metal. Acids react with carbonates to produce salt and water to carbon dioxide. Acid indigestion is caused by an excess of hydrochloric acid in the stomach. acid definition is “an acid is a material that releases hydrogen ions in water.” A solution of a strong acid has a much higher concentration of hydrogen ions than a solution of a weak acid. A solution of a strong acid therefore reacts much more rapidly than a solution of a weak acid.

Effects of Acid Rain on Ecosystem

Acid rain can only harm a few species in an ecosystem but also impacts everything else. The harm done by acid rain can also take years to undo, or even decades. Acid rain allows plants to grow more slowly in the forests, and can also turn the leaves or needles brown and break off in some susceptible species.

Acid rain damages trees by dissolving the calcium in the solid and in the leaves of trees. It affects the crop, since calcium is a nutrient to grow plants. When the calcium has been dissolved, it is washed out by the storm, meaning that trees and other plants can not use it to grow. Acid rain also washes other elements and nutrients from the soil, creating a nutritional deficit.


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