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All You Need To Know About Dental Fillings

Whenever there is a need to treat a cavity, you head to the office of your dentist who will then remove the damaged part of the tooth. Following the removal, the dentist will proceed to fill the section of the tooth with a material where the decayed portion was excised. This material that is used in the replacement is known as a dental filling.

Dental fillings are utilized for the repair of broken or damaged teeth or teeth that have wrecked owing to misuse from activities like nail biting and tooth grinding. There are steps followed by a dentist when it comes to filling a tooth. The initial thing is the administration of anesthetic by a dentist and this will provide numbing for the around or region of the tooth which is meant to be filled.

Following the numbing of the region, the dentist will proceed to use a laser, air abrasion device, or a drill to get rid of the decayed area. The kind of instrument that will be used for the operation will depend on the experience of the doctor, site of the rotting, the scope of the condition, and even the level of comfort of the dentist.

The next stage involves the dentist carrying out a probing or testing of the area to ensure that there is removal of every single part of the decay. Immediately this has been confirmed, the next thing is for the dentist to do preparation of the region for the filling and this is done by conducting a proper cleaning of dirt and the microorganisms.

If the decay is within the proximity of the root, the dentist may initially fit a liner done using a composite resin or glass ionomer. It can also be any other substance that offers protection to the nerve. Overall, once the filling is in place, it will be left to your dentist to do the finishing and polishing properly. But it does not end there at all. Some other steps have to be taken when it comes to dental fillings.

After the dentist has extracted the decay and completed the cleaning sessions, the application of the tooth-colored filling can then be done. This is followed by the application of a specialized light to each layer so that it can harden. Once this multilayering work is finished, the dentists proceed to do the shaping of the composite material, trimming off the extra substance before polishing to ensure the eventual restoration.

Dental Filling Materials Used

In modern dentistry, there are very kinds of materials used as dental filling substances. These include porcelain, gold, silver fusion (made with mercury that has been blended with other metals like copper or tin), plastic, or even other materials referred to as composite resin items. There is also the one referred to as glass ionomer which is made up of glass particles.

There are several factors in place that will determine the exact kind of dental filling that is used for you. These include the professional recommendation of your dentist, budget involved for the filling material, extent of the dental decay itself, and even the kind of insurance coverage that you went for.

Gold is one of the most impressive materials as far as dental fillings are concerned. Making use of cast gold dental fillings comes with several advantages. The first is that they are long-lasting and in fact can last for up to 15 years or even longer and they do not rust or corrode. Another main advantage with cast gold fillings is that it is strong enough to cope with constant chewing over the years without breaking apart.

Then of course for those who are making use of cast gold fillings, there is also the beauty. Many patients find the gold items to be catchy, more pleasant than the silver amalgam dental fillings. But some other demerits must be considered when going for gold dental fillings and the first is the cost. If you are going to make use of cast fillings crafted from gold, you are going to be ready to spend as much as ten times more than the silver amalgam dental fillings.

There is also the need for extra visits to the dentist and some patients may suffer from what is known as galvanic shock. This happens when a gold dental filling is located within same proximity to a silver amalgam filling and it results in a very prominent pain sensation which is known as galvanic shock. This is caused as a result of the interaction between silver, gold, and ions present in the saliva. Even though it is a rare thing, it is important to state that it does happen. Also while some may like the shiny appearance of gold fillings, some do not like the metallic look.

But gold is not the only option as hinted earlier, there are also silver dental fillings (amalgams) and they also have their advantages too. The first is that silver fillings can lastvery long, as much as 15 years. This implies that they last a lot more than regular tooth-colored (composite) fillings and ensures getting good value for money invested.

Other advantages that come with silver dental fillings include strength to withstand the forces of chewing and the cost is lower when compared with the composite fillings. But just like the other kinds of fillings, the silver fillings can also come with their disadvantages too. The major complaint is the poor appearance as silver fillings do not blend very well with the natural color and appearance of the teeth. There is also the destruction of tooth structure because normal parts of the tooth have to be removed before amalgam filling can be done.

There is also discoloration that comes with the use of silver amalgam and not everyone likes this. Then there is also the issue of fractures and cracks associated with silver amalgams. These are due to the expansion and contraction that come with the consumption of liquids or foods of varying temperatures. It is also possible to have an allergic reaction in some instances.

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