Parkinson’s disease was first described nearly 200 years ago. Its discoverer, James Parkinson, initially called it “paralytic tremor” because of the symptoms observed. Although we know a lot about it, it turns out that science has not yet said the last word in the search for modern solutions in the treatment of Parkinson’s disease. CBD, or cannabidiol – a naturally occurring compound in our environment, comes to the rescue.
Parkinson’s disease and CBD – what should I know about it?
Parkinson’s disease belongs to the group of neurodegenerative diseases – just like Alzheimer’s disease. It is a progressive and chronic disease. Usually, the first symptoms appear around 60 years of age, although it is not uncommon for the disease to manifest itself much earlier.
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It is estimated that only in US there are up to 850 thousand people with this disease, and in the world, this problem affects up to 6 million patients. As it is commonly known, Parkinson’s disease significantly reduces the quality of life and hinders everyday functioning, so it is worth remembering that properly selected therapy gives a chance to better control troublesome symptoms.
From the pathophysiological point of view, Parkinson’s disease develops as a result of the destruction of cells in the body. in the central nervous system (black matter midbrain). As a result of their degeneration, the concentration of dopamine – a neurotransmitter belonging to the catecholamines group – decreases.
The characteristic symptoms of Parkinson’s disease
These are the consequence of disturbing the proper concentration of dopamine. Symptoms include tremors at rest, increased muscle tension, slowness of movement (bradykinesia), postural disturbances, altered facial expressions, as well as drooling and constipation. It should also be remembered that in the course of Parkinson’s disease there are symptoms unrelated to motor disorders – mental disorders or difficulty sleeping often appear. As previously mentioned, the disease is characterized by a progressive course – the intensity of symptoms increases as the disease progresses.
CBD, and Parkinson’s disease
Despite the development of medicine and related sciences, it is not possible to completely cure Parkinson’s disease. However, there are effective methods to effectively alleviate its course – for many patients it is a chance to function efficiently despite the progressive disease. In addition to treatment or pharmacological methods based on synthetic compounds, it is also possible to use natural preparations, which include cannabinoids. One of them is CBD obtained from medicinal hemp, and it is also worth mentioning that the use of certain pharmacological agents carries the risk of side effects. As a result, the treatment used must be modified. This type of risk does not exist with the use of natural CBD.
In Parkinson’s disease, CBD works very well, among others
In the case of not only motor disorders. Its action also applies to mental disorders or sleep disorders, among others. According to the research carried out on a group of Czech patients (close to 340 people), the use of cannabinoids in the treatment of Parkinson’s disease also resulted in improvement in the area of movement disorders – such as resting tremors, motor slowdown (bradykinesia) or motor stiffness. The positive effect of CBD on the reduction of pain sensations is also significant, which, regardless of the type of disease, positively affects the quality of life of patients. According to scientists, CBD is also important in neuroprotective effects, counteracts such phenomena as oxidative stress, excitotoxicity or neurodegeneration – are particularly important issues from the point of view of the pathophysiology of Parkinson’s disease.
CBD oil in the treatment of Parkinson’s disease
More and more recent discoveries about the mechanisms by which cannabinoids work make their use in alternative or adjunctive therapy in Parkinson’s disease applicable in 21st-century medicine. Expanding therapeutic possibilities allows more patients to help. CBD comes in an easy-to-consume form – so-called CBD oil, thanks to which patients do not need help from third parties in administering therapeutic agents.